Hualin International Journal of Buddhist Studies: E-journal, Vol 2.2, Sasaki

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Hualin International Journal of Buddhist Studies 2.2 (2019): 202–216;
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buddhism and Business: South and East Asian Perspectives)

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Organizational Theory in Buddhism

SASAKI Shizuka 佐々木 閑
Hanazono University

Keywords: Śākyamuni, Business Management System (BMS), Vinaya, saṃgha

Abstract: What does conceiving of the Vinaya as a religious Business Management System (BMS) illuminate and obscure about the early Buddhist community? This article pursues an answer to this question through a close study of the Buddhist monastic regulations that have sustained the Order for more than 2,500 years. Doing so, the article aims to suggest some of the ways that economic theory and practice can contribute to scholarly understandings of Buddhist tradition past and present.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.