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Hualin International Journal of Buddhist Studies 2.2 (2019): 202–216;
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buddhism and Business: South and East Asian Perspectives)

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Organizational Theory in Buddhism

SASAKI Shizuka 佐々木 閑
Hanazono University

Abstract: What does conceiving of the Vinaya as a religious Business Management System (BMS) illuminate and obscure about the early Buddhist community? This article pursues an answer to this question through a close study of the Buddhist monastic regulations that have sustained the Order for more than 2,500 years. Doing so, the article aims to suggest some of the ways that economic theory and practice can contribute to scholarly understandings of Buddhist tradition past and present.

Keywords: Śākyamuni, Business Management System (BMS), Vinaya, saṃgha


About the Author: Dr. Shizuka Sasaki is a Professor of Indian Buddhism at Hanazono University. His research focuses on Indian Buddhist monasticisms, history of Mahayana Buddhism, Buddhist philosophy, and the relationship between Buddhism and science. A recognized authority in these areas, Sasaki’s publications include a celebrated series of eight articles ‘Buddhist Sects in the Asoka Period’ (1989–1999) and ‘A Study of the Origin of Mahayana Buddhism’ (1997). A senior scholar of Buddhism, Sasaki’s participation will add much to discussions of intersections between Buddhism and Economics and will provide attendees with opportunities to develop international collaborations in this field.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.