《華林國際佛學學刊》:電子期刊 第一卷‧第二期, 李靜杰

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《華林國際佛學學刊》第一卷‧第二期(2018):59–78; https://dx.doi.org/10.6939/HIJBS.201810_1(2).0002
(本文屬於專刊《佛教藝術》

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定州系白石佛像造像日期分析Analysis of the Dates of Production Recorded on the White-Stone Buddha Statues in Dingzhou

李靜杰(LI Jingjie)
清華大學 (Tsinghua University)

摘要(Abstract):定州系白石佛像具備詳細年月日資訊的已知實例多達 387 件,在諸區域性造像中絕無而僅有。該系統佛像的造像作業貫通全年,受華北氣候條件影響,每年一月至八月為造像活躍期,九月至十二月為造像低落期。每年二月初八釋迦成道日、四月初八釋迦誕生日、七月十五盂蘭盆節數量最多,約占總量1/7,反映了當時喜好選擇佛教節日造像的情況。每月八日、十五日、二十三日數量之和將近占總量2/5,表明當時注重在六齋日中三個日期造像的情況,這種現象又多集中在東魏後期至北齊時間段。而且,幾乎不存在佛教十齋日影響造像的跡象。

There are as many as 387 white-stone Buddha statues produced in Dingzhou 定州 that contain detailed information of dates, including year, month and day. Such detailed dating information is not found in any other area-specific statue group. In Dingzhou, the statue-making activities continued throughout the year, even though, due to the northern climate, from first to eighth lunar month marked the most active period, whereas from the ninth to twelfth lunar month was the least active season. Each year, certain days marked the highest production of the statues: the anniversary of Buddha’s Enlightenment (the eighth day of the second month), the anniversary of Buddha’s birth (the eighth day of the fourth month) and the Ghost Festival (the 15th day of the seventh month). The statues produced on these days make up one-seventh of the total production, reflecting the custom at the time of creating Buddha statues during Buddhist festivals. Moreover, the statues produced on the eighth, 15th and 23rd day of each lunar month make up the second-fifth of the total production, indicating the importance of the Six Fasting Days for the production of statues. This phenomenon is especially noticeable from the late Eastern Wei Dynasty (534–550) to the Northern Qi Dynasty (526–559). Besides, almost no influence from the Ten Fasting Days on the statue-production could be observed.

關鍵詞(Keywords白石佛像(white-stone Buddha statues)、佛教節日(Buddhist festivals)、六齋日(Six Fasting Days)、曲陽(Quyang)

 

關於作者:1963年生,河北平泉人,文學博士,北京清華大學教授。主要從事佛教物質文化研究,闡明南北朝隋代、唐宋時期佛教物質文化的主題思想,釐清部分明清時期佛教物質文化內容。大體梳理清楚南北朝隋代石刻佛像、金銅佛像造型的發展脈絡,就定州系白石佛像進行了專門探索。有關中古中國與周邊地區物質文化交流研究取得長足進展。

 

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