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Hualin International Journal of Buddhist Studies 4.1 (2021): 287–315;
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buddhist Worldmaking Programs & Tiantai/Chontae/Tendai Buddhism)

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A Treasure-house of Tendai Manuscripts Stored at a Shingon Branch Center: Kongōji 金剛寺 of Amanosan 天野山

OCHIAI Toshinori 落合俊典
International College for Postgraduate Buddhist Studies

Abstract: Mount Amano’s 天野山 Kongō Temple 金剛寺 has a large collection of commentaries, among which the Shōkyō collection 聖教 remains largely uncategorized and unexplored, especially in regard to its doctrinal position. This article argues that these commentaries, related to the Fahua jing lun 法華経論, come from a Tendai standpoint, based on analysis that proves the Kongō Temple’s association with the Jimon-ha 寺門派 tradition, including its founder Akan’s 阿観 (1136–1207) training and lineage, and association with other Tendai-manuscript producing temples. This collection of manuscripts offers new pathways in medieval Tendai Buddhist research.

Keywords: Kongōji 金剛寺, Amanosan 天野山, Tendai, Shingon, manuscripts, Buddhist canons (Issaikyō 一切経)


About the Author: Ochiai Toshinori 落合俊典 is a professor at (and a former president of) the International College for Postgraduate Buddhist Studies in Tokyo, Japan. He received his Ph.D. from Bukkyō University 佛教大學. He is primarily interested in East Asian Buddhism, in particular research on Buddhist sutras. His present work involves research on topics such as Japanese manuscripts, the Heart Sutra in the Tang dynasty, and the Dunhuang manuscripts of the former collection of LI Shengduo 李盛鐸 (1859–1937). His major monograph is a compilation of materials on the manuscripts of Nanatsu-dera 七寺, published between 1994–2000.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.