中國歷史上幾種主要“佛滅年代說”的依據與影響

Photo by Adam Jones.

The Glorisun Global Network for Buddhist Studies, with administrative support from FROGBEAR, proudly presents a lecture by Professor Liu Yi (Capital Normal University)

時間: 2019年9月19日星期四

地點: 待定

摘要:

由於印度佛教從一開始並沒有把佛陀紀年(含佛誕和佛滅年代)作為一種重要的信仰遺產來繼承,導致印度佛教對佛陀紀年的問題自己也說不清。但佛教從印度向東亞傳播開來後,佛陀的紀年問題成為一項重要的信仰遺產而被突出起來。中國佛教大約從東漢末年開始關注佛陀紀年問題,有個先關注“佛誕”,然後才關注“佛滅”的過程。先後在歷史上提出過十幾種令人眼花繚亂的佛陀紀年說。我相信這些說法都是有其各自依據的。細究這些不同說法背後的依據,可以區分出幾種主要的系統。這其中到唐初才正式形成的“西周昭王二十四年佛誕,穆王五十二年佛滅說”,逐漸成為中國佛教最主流的說法,不僅從7世紀初一直影響到20世紀初的中國佛教,而且還影響到吐蕃、契丹,和朝鮮、日本佛教。並從17世紀末開始延續一百年左右,成為西方學界比較認可的佛陀紀年之一。在佛陀紀年問題上,顯然這已是個中國佛教的命題而非印度佛教的命題。

About the Speaker:

LIU Yi is professor and Dean of School of History at Capital Normal University and also the secretary of the Association of the Dunhuang and Turpan studies in China. His research interests include the Dunhuang studies and the medieval history of religion. For the past 20 years, he has been working on the history of Daoism and the Daoist scriptures. In terms of the former, he challenges the historical paradigm in which the sect of the Celestial Masters came directly down from the sect of the Five Pecks of Rice in the early Daoist history. In terms of the latter, he has specialized in the studies of such Daoist texts as Scripture on Great PeaceXiang’er’s Commentary on Laozi, and Classic on Laozi’s Conversion of the Barbarians, and the Lingbao Scriptures of the Six Dynasties. He has recently shifted his research to the medieval Buddhist studies and is especially interested in the issue of the “Age of Dharma Decline.” He has published about 110 research articles, book reviews, and translated articles and 6 books and collected volumes. The latest books include Historical Research on the Daoist Guling Baojing in the Six Dynasties (2018) and Research on the History and Scriptures of the Daoism in the Han and Tang Dynasties: Selected Works of Liu Yi (2015) .

 

本次客座講座語言為英文。此活動免費向公眾開放,但預註冊者優先。

在線註冊即將推出。