中国历史上几种主要“佛灭年代说”的依据与影响

Photo by Adam Jones.

The Glorisun Global Network for Buddhist Studies, with administrative support from FROGBEAR, proudly presents a lecture by Professor Liu Yi (Capital Normal University)

时间: 2019年9月19日星期四

地点: TBA

摘要:

由于印度佛教从一开始并没有把佛陀纪年(含佛诞和佛灭年代)作为一种重要的信仰遗产来继承,导致印度佛教对佛陀纪年的问题自己也说不清。但佛教从印度向东亚传播开来后,佛陀的纪年问题成为一项重要的信仰遗产而被突出起来。中国佛教大约从东汉末年开始关注佛陀纪年问题,有个先关注“佛诞”,然后才关注“佛灭”的过程。先后在历史上提出过十几种令人眼花缭乱的佛陀纪年说。我相信这些说法都是有其各自依据的。细究这些不同说法背后的依据,可以区分出几种主要的系统。这其中到唐初才正式形成的“西周昭王二十四年佛诞,穆王五十二年佛灭说”,逐渐成为中国佛教最主流的说法,不仅从7世纪初一直影响到20世纪初的中国佛教,而且还影响到吐蕃、契丹,和朝鲜、日本佛教。并从17世纪末开始延续一百年左右,成为西方学界比较认可的佛陀纪年之一。在佛陀纪年问题上,显然这已是个中国佛教的命题而非印度佛教的命题。

About the Speaker:

LIU Yi is professor and Dean of School of History at Capital Normal University and also the secretary of the Association of the Dunhuang and Turpan studies in China. His research interests include the Dunhuang studies and the medieval history of religion. For the past 20 years, he has been working on the history of Daoism and the Daoist scriptures. In terms of the former, he challenges the historical paradigm in which the sect of the Celestial Masters came directly down from the sect of the Five Pecks of Rice in the early Daoist history. In terms of the latter, he has specialized in the studies of such Daoist texts as Scripture on Great PeaceXiang’er’s Commentary on Laozi, and Classic on Laozi’s Conversion of the Barbarians, and the Lingbao Scriptures of the Six Dynasties. He has recently shifted his research to the medieval Buddhist studies and is especially interested in the issue of the “Age of Dharma Decline.” He has published about 110 research articles, book reviews, and translated articles and 6 books and collected volumes. The latest books include Historical Research on the Daoist Guling Baojing in the Six Dynasties (2018) and Research on the History and Scriptures of the Daoism in the Han and Tang Dynasties: Selected Works of Liu Yi (2015) .

 

本次客座讲座语言为英文。此活动免费向公众开放,但预注册者优先。

在线注册即将推出。