《华林国际佛学学刊》: 电子期刊 第三卷‧第二期, 朱敏

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《华林国际佛学学刊》第三卷‧第二期(2020):58–74; https://dx.doi.org/10.6939/HIJBS.202010_3(2).0004
(本文属于专刊《佛教与人工智能与东亚佛教历史研究》

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人工智能的“心识”限度——基于《成唯识论》的思考(AI’s Limitation of Consciousness: Some Relections on the Basis of the *Vijñaptimātratāsiddhi-śāstra

朱敏(ZHU Ming)
哈尔滨理工大学(Harbin University of Science and Technology)

摘要Abstract):《成唯识论》中的唯识心法与人工智能之间没有直接的联系,但唯识学中的“心”与“心所”较全面系统地分析了人类心理活动能力的各种可能,可以帮助我们思考人工智能发展中所遇到的一些问题,特别是人工智能的“心识”研究,使我们跳出人工智能研究的思维怪圈。本文主要从三个方面来谈唯识心法和人工智能“心识”问题之间的间接联系:一是,《成唯识论》中对人类心理活动能力的各种分析;二是,从唯识心法的角度看人工智能方法的局限性;三是,思考人工智能的“心识”发展,主要涉及从唯识学角度来看人工智能的终极目标是什么等问题。

There is no direct relationship to be established between the Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Yogācāran conception of the ‘mind’ (Ch. xinfa 心法) as presented in the Cheng weishi lun 成唯識論 [*Vijñaptimātratāsiddhi-śāstra; Discourse on the Perfection of Consciousness-only]. However, the Yogācāran tradition has comprehensively analyzed various forms of mental activities, as encapsulated in its discussion on the ‘mind’ and ‘mental factors’ (Ch. xinsuo 心所). Its analysis could help us reflect on the issues related to the development of AI, especially the AI consciousness, thus allowing us to see beyond the pattern of thinking that characterizes the current AI Studies. This article discusses the relationship between the Yogācāran ‘mental factors’ and the AI ‘consciousness’ in terms of three aspects: 1. the analysis of mental activities in the Cheng weishi lun; 2. the limitation of the methodology of the AI Studies seen from the perspective of the Yogācāran doctrine of ‘mental factors’; 3. the reflection on the development of the AI ‘consciousness’ by examining such issues as the ultimate purpose of the AI through the Yogācāran perspective.

关键词(Keywords):心(citta)、心所(caitasika)、人工智能(artificial intelligence)、唯识(Consciousness-only)

 

关于作者:朱敏,现为哈尔滨理工大学讲师,硕士生导师, 曾就读于内蒙古大学、北京师范大学和厦门大学, 最终获哲学博士学位。现主要从事认知逻辑、佛学和人工智慧相关交叉领域的研究。发表学术论文多篇,主持或参与国家哲学社会科学基金项目、省部级以上项目多项。


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